This wiki comes from the paper Review of Longevity Validations at Extreme Ages

Name

Claimed age

Year

Refs

Issues

Age

Oldest ever validated women

Jeanne Calment

122 years, 164 days

1997

[18,19,20]

MCT

99,122

D

Sarah Knauss

119 years, 97 days

1999

[5,23,18]

BY

116-119

R

Nabi Tajima

117 years, 260 days

2018

VIBY

113-117

N

Lucy Hannah

117 years, 248 days

1993

VIBAML

107, 117

W

Marie-Louise Meilleur

117 years, 230 days

1998

[18,26]

MT

117

R

Violet Brown

117 years, 189 days

2017

VITS

114, 117

R

Emma Morano

117 years, 137 days

2017

[9]

VIES

?

N

Chiyo Miyako

117 years, 81 days

2018

VI

?

N

Misao Okawa

117 years, 27 days

2015

VI

?

N

María Capovilla

116 years, 347 days

2006

[18]

I

116

R

Susannah Mushatt Jones

116 years, 311 days

2016

[27]

VET

116

R

Gertrude Weaver

116 years, 276 days

2015

VBYA

111-116

U

Tane Ikai

116 years, 175 days

1995

[18]

VI

?

N

Elizabeth Bolden

116 years, 118 days

2006

[5,18]

BYASE

112-116

U

Besse Cooper

116 years, 100 days

2012

VB

116

R

Maria Giuseppa Robucci

116 years, 90 days

2019

VI

?

N

Carrie C. White

116 years, 88 days

1991

[5]

B

102

W

Ana María Vela Rubio

116 years, 47 days

2017

VIB

?

N

Kamato Hongo

116 years, 45 days

2003

[1,2,18]

BYA

109-112

W

Giuseppina Projetto

116 years, 37 days

2018

VI

?

N

Jeralean Talley

116 years, 25 days

2015

VAES

113-116

U

Maggie Barnes

115 years, 319 days

1998

[5,18]

BYA

113-117

U

Dina Manfredini

115 years, 257 days

2012

VITE

115

R

Oldest ever validated men

Shigechiyo Izumi

120 years, 237 days

1986

[29,38,39,41]

VIES

105

W

Jiroemon Kimura

116 years, 54 days

2013

[29]

MLSC

111,116

R

Christian Mortensen

115 years, 252 days

1998

[4,18,30]

TM

115

R

Emiliano Mercado del Toro

115 years, 156 days

2007

[5,18]

I

115

R

Mathew Beard

114 years, 222 days

1985

VBYAM

90-119

D

Walter Breuning

114 years, 205 days

2011

VESY

106, 114

R

Yukichi Chuganji

114 years, 189 days

2003

VI

?

N

Joan Riudavets

114 years, 81 days

2004

[1]

IES

109,114

R

Fred Hale

113 years, 354 days

2004

VT

113

R

Israel Kristal

113 years, 330 days

2017

VIBT

?

N

Table – Summary of longevity validation reviews

Table summarises the results of our reappraisal with references. The likely ages and age ranges that we have determined are also given. Ages in italics are for less likely options including potential identity switches. Where we have more confidence the age is in bold. When references are not given it means we could not find any published validation report with specific details of the case. Generic switch opportunities are not included and exist to some extent in almost every case. A question mark indicates that we have not been able to find sufficient documentation or records online to make a determination. Some of the main issues that we identified are labelled with letter codes as follows:

V - no validation report as of December 2019

I - insufficient information

B - inadequate record for birth

Y - possibility of age exaggeration for underage school, marriage, pregnancy, occupation or military reason

C - potential parent-child identity swap

S - potential sibling identity swap

E - potential early-life identity swap

M - potential mid-life identity swap

L - potential late-life identity swap

A - inconsistent age reporting

T - migration or travel

In the final column we provide our conclusion on the current status for each claim as follows

W – Claim has been withdrawn. Do not use these cases.

D – These cases are sufficiently problematical for us to dispute the validation and we therefore consider them invalidated. It is our opinion that they should not be assumed to be correct unless further strong evidence in their favour is found.

U – These passed the weak validation standard required by GWR, but for scientific use the validation is unsafe due to possible age exaggeration or identity switches.

R – There are some doubts about these cases which mean they should be treated with caution. The high claimed age mean that they require extra scrutiny. Scientific users are advised to review the evidence themselves if they consider referencing them.

N – No conclusion. Information publically available is insufficient to determine these claims.

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